Friday, April 29, 2005

Your questions on education loans answered!

Loan that you take will help in tax exemption. Interesting piece.

Thursday, April 21, 2005

Queen's and United Nations

Queen's is the only North American B-school to be selected by the United Nations to help develop a new generation of responsible business leaders as part of of "The Global Responsiblity Initiative". This elite group of business schools includes Queen's, INSEAD, LBS, and IESE

Read more details at

Wednesday, April 13, 2005

The truth about earning in dollars!

April 11, 2005

here are two ways to look at a foreign salary -- the Catholic and the Protestant.

The first is characterised by a missionary zeal to convert using the rupees-multiplied-by-43.8-times formula ingrained in every self-respecting Indian head.

Which is how $110,000 achieves the headline-grabbing status of 'Rs 50 lakh!'

But, protests the economist, how far does that Rs 50 lakh go in a foreign land?

What you have to look at, then, is Purchasing Power Parity. The theory of purchasing power parity says that, in the long run, exchange rates should move towards rates that would equalise the prices of an identical basket of goods and services in any two countries.

Duh. Despite having acquired, at some point in life, a BA in Economics, I have no idea what that means.

Purely in layman's terms, how much bang for the buck? Well, says the World Bank, $150,000 fetches you a Rs 50-lakh lifestyle if you reside in India.

In the US, the same $150,000 is actually equivalent to earning Rs 18.7 lakh.

The Economist's famous 'Big Mac index' makes it easy to understand. A hamburger costs $2.90 in the US, but $1.10 in India. Take that, you dollar-earning desi!

Beyond economics

Of course, the real picture is far more complex. Despite what the Big Mac index might indicate, an 'upwardly mobile' lifestyle in India is more expensive.

If your family decides to have Kellogg's cornflakes for breakfast everyday in India, it will work out to about 4 boxes or Rs 500 a month.

An American family, on the other hand, would spend about $20 a month for the same breakfast.

Given that a reasonably well-to-do Indian family earns Rs 50,000 a month, it spends 1% on its cornflakes! Whereas the reasonably well-to-do American family earning $5,000 a month spends only 0.4% from the mahine ka budget. That's way, way cheaper.

So despite being a supposedly 'poor' economy, we have higher relative prices -- dollar prices -- for many commonly consumed goods. Food and petrol, in particular.

Although, conversely, we can afford bais and drivers, dry cleaning and nice haircuts. There is always a trade-off!

Living like a desi

How much dosh you have stashed away in the bank depends on how you choose to live.

If you are earning a dollar/ pound salary and your objective is to 'save', you live an Indian lifestyle in a foreign land.

This means eating mostly at home/ shopping at Kmart/ Wal-mart; thinking 10 times before making an impulse buy (out pops the conversion calculator: 'I can get this cheaper in India. Forget it!')

This is an attitude typical of the just-set-foot-on-foreign-shore worker, especially on an H1-B visa. And there's nothing wrong with it. Four-five dudes share a cramped apartment, live frugally and save a pretty packet by the time they head back home.

And even though they may have lived in what the Chicago or London native might consider as Mira Road and eaten at the US equivalent of Udipi joints, the experience of living in the First World is reward enough the first-timer. Clean air, wide roads, 'systems' that seem to work.

But, should s/he decide to stay on longer, the immigrant will be tempted to buy in to the host country's way of life. You shop to 'feel good' about yourself and, eventually, being the thriftiest shopper in town loses its charm.

So one fine day you decide to buy the Polo shirt costing $100, even if your mom thinks you are crazy because you could buy five shirts for the same money back home. Earlier, you moved, geographically. Now, you have arrived, mentally.

That dollar salary will never feel quite as weighty again.

Resident Non-Indians

On the other hand, living in India -- even for the guy with the Rs 18 lakh salary -- has its own hidden cost.

Money provides some insulation -- but the stress of working in First World conditions but living in Third World ones is inevitable. You can fiddle with a Blackberry [suit] in the backseat of an A/C chauffeur driven car.

But you are in Saki Naka, stuck in a trademark traffic jam, with a beggar tap-tapping furiously at your window.

The airport -- which sees more of you early in the morning than your spouse does -- seriously sucks. As does the fact that a substantial portion of the taxes the government earns from you end up as employment guarantee scheme for politicians.

Par kya karen, yeh hai India. So we 'adjust', grin and bear it.

At least we now have multiplexes and megamalls to hang out at, no?

The hidden price

Of course, living abroad may result in a postcard perfect 'Big Picture'. But life is made up of a million little things. And, at that level, regrets remain.

A friend who has spent most of his post-IIT life in the US -- a good 12 to 15 years -- noted on a recent visit that he really enjoyed visiting Chinese restaurants in India. "Because you can taste the food," he said wryly. "Everything there is so bland... so American."

Another friend says she misses the sights and smells of the sabzi markets in India. "The veggies there are so fresh, it feels like abhi zameen se nikle hain." American tomatoes, she insists, are huge and red, but absolutely insipid.

On a more serious note, there's the issue of parents. Growing old and lonely, often not in the best of health. Move here, you insist. But they resist.

The world is a 'global village' where India is just a mouse click away.

You buy the folks a computer with a broadband connection.

And life goes on.

The economics of emigration

Is where you live about geography, or a state of mind?

Well-known journalist Thomas Friedman has just authored a new book on globalisation titled, The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century.

In an article in the The New York Times Sunday Magazine, he writes, 'Only 30 years ago, if you had a choice of being born a B student in Boston or a genius in Bangalore or Beijing, you probably would have chosen Boston, because a genius in Beijing or Bangalore could not really take advantage of his or her talent.'

Now, he argues, anyone with smarts, access to Google and a cheap wireless laptop can join the innovation fray. 'When the world is flat, you can innovate without having to emigrate.'

With all due respect to Friedman -- a brilliant writer with a mostly credible theory -- emigration will continue.

Despite anecdotal evidence exchanged at cocktail parties about young people who would rather stay back in India than go abroad, the fact remains that every Indian who enrols at Penn State or Sheffield University is a potential immigrant.

The Japanese or Koreans are not.

The odd Westerner will make India his/ her home, often citing the warmth received from the Indian people.

The majority of middle class Indians, given a chance, will make the West their home, despite the cold reception.

Suketu Mehta, in his scintillating book, Maximum City, analyses the situation as only an Indian can.

'Every summer, waves of Indians living overseas come back or send back little pictures: of their son in front of the new 52-inch TV; their daughter sitting on the hood of the new mini van; the wife in the open-plan kitchen... the whole family laughing together in the small backyard pool, their 'bungalow' in the background.'

These pictures plant little time bombs in the minds of siblings left behind, he writes. 'They hold the pictures and look around their two-room flat in Mahim and, suddenly, the new sofa and 2-in-1 Akai stereo look cheap and shabby in comparison.'

Hope floats

In the 1980s and 1990s, the IITs were associated with 'brain drain'.

Now, reports of dollar salaries of IIM graduates hit the headlines. But the real story lies elsewhere.

These handful of graduates studying in near world class institutions will be in demand whether in India or abroad. There will be some initial heartburn -- bhala usko mujhse better paying job kaise mila -- but in the medium to long term, things usually even out.

And staying on in India -- where your company values you enough to put down a Rs 50-lakh deposit for a house in Napean Sea Road -- is a very smart option.

The real appeal of 'foreign' lies for those who graduate from the second and third rung institutes. Job mil jayega but not one with fast enough growth or large enough goodies.

Going abroad, for them, is the only means of achieving quick and easy economic salvation.

So, at great personal risk, they beg, borrow and pay their way into not-so-well known universities. And then fight for a job to recover the several lakhs 'invested'.

By and large, the strategy seems to work.

And dollar dreams will continue to pound in India's head.

Wednesday, April 06, 2005

5 levels of leadership >
From "Developing the leader within you"
by John C Maxwell.

" People follow because they have to"Your influence will not extend beyond the lines of your job description.The longer you stay here , the higher the turnover and lower the morale.

Level 2: Permission
"People follow because they want to"
People will follow you beyond your stated authority.This level allows work to be fun. Staying too long on this level without rising will cause highly motivated people to become restless.

Level 3: Production
"People follow becasue of what you have done for the organization"
This is where success is sensed by most people. They like you and what you are doing. Probelems are fixed with very little effort because of momentum.

Level 4: People Development
"People follow because of what you have done for them"
This is where long range growth occurs. Your commitment to developing leaders will insure ongoing growth to the organization and to the people. Do whatever you can to achieve and stay at this level.

Level 5: Personhood
"People follow because of who you are and what you represent"
This step is reserved for leaders who have spend years growing people and organizations.Few make it t. Those who do it are bigger than life.

Tuesday, April 05, 2005

MBA Isn't a Four-Letter Word
While some question the relevance of a B-school education in this era of distance learning and fast-track careers, the Wharton School's Robert E. Mittelstaedt Jr. argues for the sustaining value of an MBA.

Read the article here:

Business school is a great place for transitions. Students are typically looking to super-charge a career on an already-established track, change careers with a specific goal in mind, or have their eyes opened to the range of options available. Why would anyone question whether B-school is a good idea, given all the evidence that it has phenomenal economic and career-enhancing returns? But some do question it, so for those who don't get it, here's what B-school offers you.

You learn how to be productively competitive. Highly motivated individuals are typically competitive already. This is not something that is created by B-schools, but rather by the type of individuals who seek admission. In B-school, you learn to use your natural competitive instincts in a focused and productive fashion. Have you ever noticed that some companies seem to be competitive for the sake of being competitive and -- without focus in setting priorities -- aren't successful? Individuals in MBA programs learn to avoid unfocused competition.

You learn how to function in teams. This was part of B-school for me nearly 30 years ago, but it is even more necessary now.

You accelerate the acquisition of skills. It isn't that you can't learn some of these skills elsewhere, but why wouldn't you take the chance to have the most knowledgeable experts in the world teach you at an accelerated pace? What is it worth to already know how to do something the first time you try it in the real world?

You expand your perspective and build critical thinking skills. Have you ever hit a brick wall trying to solve a management problem and then realized you weren't thinking broadly enough? Suddenly, five ideas flow, and you are on your way to choosing from a set of possible outcomes. B-school helps you think more expansively.

You learn a lot of specific skills like accounting, market research, people management, finance, and strategy. And you'll get practice with the ever-popular NPV, IRR, yield to maturity, and other formulaic approaches. But guess what? Those techniques help you get started, but over your career, their importance will pale in comparison to the broader items above.

B-school should teach you that learning is a lifelong endeavor and that, regardless of what you learned there, the most important skill you acquire is learning how to learn continually. There is an old adage that if you give a hungry man a fish, you have fed him for a day; if you teach him to fish, you have given him the ability to sustain himself for a lifetime. Business school is where you learn how to fish in the business world.

Robert E. Mittelstaedt Jr. ( is vice dean of executive education, director of the Aresty Institute of Executive Education, and adjunct associate professor of management at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

Heartiest congratulations to Metal for making it to the McCombs school of Business for the class 2005.

This is simply awesome news !
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